Starting With Java Classes First

Aug 20, 2012, 9:06 PM

Tags: xpages java

Every time I make a new XPages app, I start by using the normal xp:dominoView and xp:dominoDocument data sources, on the theory that building with the standard set of components will keep things clean while I build on top of that. However, with each successive app, the time before I get annoyed at how messy the code has to be and start writing Java wrapper and management classes gets shorter and shorter.

For example, in my Forms 'n' Views mini-Designer app, I have the sidebar list of databases, which is just pointing to a view and showing those entries. That works pretty well, since the values I need are in the view itself. However, now I want to show the database icons, but also want to check to make sure the DBs are on the current server, allow the current user to access them, and are accessible via HTTP (I'm just pointing the image to /whatever.nsf/$Icon). Doing that with just the view entries will get messy, requiring a bunch of Server JavaScript to be crammed into my xp:image object. It'd work, but it'll only be a matter of time before I want to add more smarts, such as if I make it so that you can grant enhanced access to certain design elements to a certain user. The best way to handle this will be to make a "DatabaseEntry" class and give it methods to determine the icon and design-element visibility.

I don't think I really saved myself any time by delaying this - it's pretty rare that I DON'T have this sort of calculation eventually, so I'm just adding a bit of time doing things the "dirty" way first before cleaning them up. I'm not really familiar with "vanilla" JSF, but I get the impression that it doesn't really let you put as much business logic into the view portion as XPages do (I think JSF tends to stick to EL normally). Certainly, when you write a Rails app, you start with the models and controllers cleanly before putting the data on the page. The XPage architecture doesn't make that as easy, with its lack of reasonably-modifiable controllers, but adding Java classes and using collection classes in xp:dataContexts or as managed beans work great.

I've toyed with the idea of expanding the classes I use in my forums app to work smoothly with any view/document, picking up the columns by name and storing them in Map representing the entry/document. The problem with that is that the data source and needs tend to be just different enough per app that it's not generic enough (for example, in this one, I'm getting databases for the "add DB" picker via DbDirectory, not a view). In the mean time, I think I'll just start with the access classes first and see what I do most commonly.

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